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Open Access Nano Express

Template method for fabricating interdigitate p-n heterojunction for organic solar cell

Jianchen Hu12, Yasuhiro Shirai13, Liyuan Han3 and Yutaka Wakayama12*

Author affiliations

1 International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (WPI-MANA), National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, 305-0044, Japan

2 Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Kyushu University, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, 305-0044, Japan

3 Photovoltaic Materials Unit, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, 305-0047, Japan

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Citation and License

Nanoscale Research Letters 2012, 7:469  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-7-469

Published: 21 August 2012

Abstract

Anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) templates are used to fabricate arrays of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) pillars. This technique makes it possible to control the dimensions of the pillars, namely their diameters, intervals, and heights, on a tens-of-nanometer scale. These features are essential for enhancing carrier processes such as carrier generation, exciton diffusion, and carrier dissociation and transport. An interdigitated p-n junction between P3HT pillars and fullerene (C60) exhibits a photovoltaic effect. Although the device properties are still preliminary, the experimental results indicate that an AAO template is an effective tool with which to develop organic solar cells because highly regulated nanostructures can be produced on large areas exceeding 100 mm2.

Keywords:
Anodic aluminum oxide; P3TH pillars; P-n junction; Photovoltaic effect