Open Access Nano Express

Photonic bandgap of inverse opals prepared from core-shell spheres

Bo-Tau Liu*, Ya-Li Lin and Shao-Xian Huang

Author Affiliations

Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, 123 Univ. Rd., Sec. 3, Douliou, Yunlin, 64002, ,Taiwan, Republic of China

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2012, 7:457  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-7-457

Published: 15 August 2012

Abstract

In this study, we synthesized monodispersed polystyrene (PS)-silica core-shell spheres with various shell thicknesses for the fabrication of photonic crystals. The shell thickness of the spheres was controlled by various additions of tetraethyl orthosilicate during the shell growth process. The shrinkage ratio of the inverse opal photonic crystals prepared from the core-shell spheres was significantly reduced from 14.7% to within 3%. We suspected that the improvement resulted from the confinement of silica shell to the contraction of PS space during calcination. Due to the shell effect, the inverse opals prepared from the core-shell spheres have higher filling fraction and larger wavelength of stop band maximum.

Keywords:
Core-shell; Shrinkage; Photonic crystal; Inverse opal; Polystyrene