Enhanced photoluminescence of porous silicon nanoparticles coated by bioresorbable polymers
1 Physics Department, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Leninskie Gory 1, Moscow, 119991, Russia
2 Major in Nanobioengineering, University of Science and Technology, Daejeon, 305-806, South Korea
3 BioNanotechnology Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, 125 Gwahangno Yuseong, Daejeon, 305-806, South Korea
Nanoscale Research Letters 2012, 7:446 doi:10.1186/1556-276X-7-446Published: 8 August 2012
A significant enhancement of the photoluminescence (PL) efficiency is observed for aqueous suspensions of porous silicon nanoparticles (PSiNPs) coated by bioresorbable polymers, i.e., polylactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA). PSiNPs with average size about 100 nm prepared by mechanical grinding of electrochemically etched porous silicon were dispersed in water to prepare the stable suspension. The inner hydrophobic PLGA layer prevents the PSiNPs from the dissolution in water, while the outer PVA layer makes the PSiNPs hydrophilic. The PL quantum yield of PLGA/PVA-coated PSiNPs was found to increase by three times for 2 weeks of the storage in water. The observed effect is explained by taking into account both suppression of the dissolution of PSiNPs in water and a process of the passivation of nonradiative defects in PSiNPs. The obtained results are interesting in view of the potential applications of PSiNPs in bioimaging.