Visible emission from Ce-doped ZnO nanorods grown by hydrothermal method without a post thermal annealing process
1 LED-IT Fusion Technology Research Center and Department of Electronic Engineering, Yeungnam University, Gyeongbuk, 712-749, Korea
2 Energy Research Division, Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science & Technology(DGIST), 50-1, Sang-Ri, Hyeonpung-Myeon, Dalseong-gun, Daegu, 711-873, Korea
Nanoscale Research Letters 2012, 7:43 doi:10.1186/1556-276X-7-43Published: 5 January 2012
Visible light-emitting Ce-doped ZnO nanorods [NRs] without a post thermal annealing process were grown by hydrothermal method on a Si (100) substrate at a low temperature of 90°C. The structural investigations of Ce-doped ZnO NRs showed that the Ce3+ ions were successfully incorporated into the ZnO lattice sites without forming unwanted Ce-related compounds or precipitates. The optical investigation by photoluminescence spectra shows that the doped Ce3+ ions in the ZnO NRs act as an efficient luminescence center at 540 nm which corresponds to the optical transition of 5d → 4f orbitals in the Ce3+ ions. The photoluminescence intensity of the Ce-doped ZnO NRs increased with the increasing content of the Ce-doping agent because the energy transfer of the excited electrons in ZnO to the Ce3+ ions would be enhanced by increased Ce3+ ions.