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Open Access Nano Express

Luminescence properties of silicon-cellulose nanocomposite

Vitaly Pikulev*, Svetlana Loginova and Valery Gurtov

Author Affiliations

Department of Solid State Physics, Petrozavodsk State University, Petrozavodsk, 185640, Russia

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2012, 7:426  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-7-426

Published: 31 July 2012

Abstract

We have characterized the structure and luminescence properties for two-component material composed of nanocrystalline cellulose and nanocrystalline (less to 100 nm) silicon powder. An efficient and stable photoluminescence of nanocomposite, resistant to the influence of gas-phase oxidants, has been found. The obtained material has electret-like properties and demonstrates the possibility of multiple-recharging in an electric field near 5·103 V/cm at temperatures ranging from −70°C to 100°C. The presence of the electric field, as well as ozone or low-temperature plasma treatment, does not change the luminescence spectrum due to quantum size properties of silicon nanoparticles. We believe that these particles may appear in two states: both embedded in a cellulose matrix and in the form of mechanical mixture.

Keywords:
Nanosilicon; Porous silicon; Nanocellulose; Photoluminescence; Electret