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Open Access Nano Express

Photovoltaic properties of PSi impregnated with eumelanin

Guido Mula1*, Laura Manca1, Susanna Setzu1 and Alessandro Pezzella2

Author Affiliations

1 Dipartimento di Fisica, Cittadella Universitaria di Monserrato, Università degli Studi di Cagliari, S.P. 8 km 0.7, Monserrato (Ca), 09042, Italy

2 Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Complesso Universitario di Monte Sant'Angelo, Via Cintia, Napoli, 4-80126, Italy

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2012, 7:377  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-7-377

Published: 9 July 2012

Abstract

A bulk heterojunction of porous silicon and eumelanin, where the columnar pores of porous silicon are filled with eumelanin, is proposed as a new organic-inorganic hybrid material for photovoltaic applications. The addition of eumelanin, whose absorption in the near infrared region is significantly higher than porous silicon, should greatly enhance the light absorption capabilities of the empty porous silicon matrix, which are very low in the low energy side of the visible spectral range (from about 600 nm downwards). The experimental results show that indeed the photocarrier collection efficiency at longer wavelengths in eumelanin-impregnated samples is clearly higher with respect to empty porous silicon matrices.

Keywords:
Organic-inorganic interface; Hybrid material; Bulk heterojunction; Eumelanin; Porous silicon; Photoconversion; 5,6-dihydroxyindole; 88.40.fh; 88.40.jj