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The effect of ambient humidity on the electrical properties of graphene oxide films

Yao Yao1, Xiangdong Chen1*, Jinfeng Zhu2, Baoqing Zeng2, Zuquan Wu1 and Xiaoyu Li1

Author affiliations

1 School of Information Science and Technology, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, 610031, People's Republic of China

2 National Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on Vacuum Electronics, School of Physical Electronics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, 610054, People's Republic of China

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Citation and License

Nanoscale Research Letters 2012, 7:363  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-7-363

Published: 2 July 2012


We investigate the effect of water adsorption on the electrical properties of graphene oxide (GO) films using the direct current (DC) measurement and alternating current (AC) complex impedance spectroscopy. GO suspension synthesized by a modified Hummer's method is deposited on Au interdigitated electrodes. The strong electrical interaction of water molecules with GO films was observed through electrical characterizations. The DC measurement results show that the electrical properties of GO films are humidity- and applied voltage amplitude-dependent. The AC complex impedance spectroscopy method is used to analyze the mechanism of electrical interaction between water molecules and GO films in detail. At low humidity, GO films exhibit poor conductivity and can be seen as an insulator. However, at high humidity, the conductivity of GO films increases due to the enhancement of ion conduction. Our systematic research on this effect provides the fundamental supports for the development of graphene devices originating from solution-processed graphene oxide.

Graphene oxide; Humidity sensing; Complex impedance spectroscopy; Nano device