The schematic illustration of self-assembly of organosilanes on the ceramic oxide surface. Hydrolysis of organosilanes on the oxide surfaces to create the corresponding hydroxylsilanes, and then, these hydroxylsilanes absorb on the surface via hydrogen bond. Aggregation and condensation of these hydrogen-bound species lead to a closely packed monolayers on the oxide surface.
Wei et al. Nanoscale Research Letters 2012 7:334 doi:10.1186/1556-276X-7-334