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One-pot synthesis of poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-Pt nanoparticle composite and its application to electrochemical H2O2 sensor

Li-Chi Chang1, Huan-Nung Wu1, Chia-Yu Lin1, Yi-Hsuan Lai1, Chih-Wei Hu1 and Kuo-Chuan Ho12*

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Chemical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, 10617, Taiwan

2 Institute of Polymer Science and Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, 10617, Taiwan

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2012, 7:319  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-7-319

Published: 20 June 2012

Abstract

Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-Pt nanoparticle composite was synthesized in one-pot fashion using a photo-assisted chemical method, and its electrocatalytic properties toward hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) was investigated. Under UV irradiation, the rates of the oxidative polymerization of EDOT monomer along with the reduction of Pt4+ ions were accelerated. In addition, the morphology of PtNPs was also greatly influenced by the UV irradiation; the size of PtNPs was reduced under UV irradiation, which can be attributed to the faster nucleation rate. The immobilized PtNPs showed excellent electrocatalytic activities towards the electroreduction of hydrogen peroxide. The resultant amperometric sensor showed enhanced sensitivity for the detection of H2O2 as compared to that without PtNPs, i.e., only with a layer of PEDOT. Amperometric determination of H2O2 at −0.55 V gave a limit of detection of 1.6 μM (S / N = 3) and a sensitivity of 19.29 mA cm−2 M−1 up to 6 mM, with a response time (steady state, t95) of 30 to 40 s. Energy dispersive X-ray analysis, transmission electron microscopic image, cyclic voltammetry (CV), and scanning electron microscopic images were utilized to characterize the modified electrode. Sensing properties of the modified electrode were studied both by CV and amperometric analysis.

Keywords:
H2O2 electrochemical sensors; Photochemical assisted deposition; Poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene); Pt nanoparticles