Schematic views of ZnO NW FET and polarization model for FE NPs surrounding a NW. (a) A schematic view of a top-gate FET-based nonvolatile memory device. For a top-gate ZnO NW FET where a ZnO NW is incorporated with FE NPs, cross-linked poly (4-vinylphenol) (c-PVP) was used as a gate dielectric. (b,c) The schematic views of a simplified polarization model for FE NPs surrounding a NW. The lines show the electric field distribution between a ZnO NW and a gate electrode. Electric dipole moments are reoriented along electric field lines, resulting in different polarization states according to the gate electric field strength. Furthermore, affected by more reoriented electric dipole moments, the denser the equipotential lines around the upper part of a NW are, the easier it is to induce more polarized charges at the FE-NW interface. Thus, different conductance states result from different net amounts of reoriented electric dipole moments dependent on the applied gate electric field strength.
Liu et al. Nanoscale Research Letters 2012 7:285 doi:10.1186/1556-276X-7-285