Controlled reduction for size selective synthesis of thiolate-protected gold nanoclusters Aun(n = 20, 24, 39, 40)
1 Department of Chemistry, Anhui University, Hefei, Anhui, 230026, People’s Republic of China
2 Department of Chemistry, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, 15213, USA
Nanoscale Research Letters 2012, 7:277 doi:10.1186/1556-276X-7-277Published: 30 May 2012
This work presents a controlled reduction method for the selective synthesis of different sized gold nanoclusters protected by thiolate (SR = SC2H4Ph). Starting with Au(III) salt, all the syntheses of Aun(SR)m nanoclusters with (n, m) = (20, 16), (24, 20), (39, 29), and (40, 30) necessitate experimental conditions of slow stirring and slow reduction of Au(I) intermediate species. By controlling the reaction kinetics for the reduction of Au(I) into clusters by NaBH4, different sized gold nanoclusters are selectively obtained. Two factors are identified to be important for the selective growth of Au20, Au24, and Au39/40 nanoclusters, including the stirring speed of the Au(I) solution and the NaBH4 addition speed during the step of Au(I) reduction to clusters. When comparing with the synthesis of Au25(SC2H4Ph)18 nanoclusters, we further identified that the reduction degree of Au(I) by NaBH4 also plays an important role in controlling cluster size. Overall, our results demonstrate the feasibility of attaining new sizes of gold nanoclusters via a controlled reduction route.