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Open Access Nano Express

Nucleate boiling performance on nano/microstructures with different wetting surfaces

HangJin Jo1, SeolHa Kim3, Hyungmo Kim2, Joonwon Kim2 and Moo Hwan Kim3*

Author affiliations

1 Two-Phase Flow Lab, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), San 31, Hyoja-dong, Pohang, 790-784, Republic of Korea

2 MEMS & Nanotechnology Lab, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), San 31, Hyoja-dong, Pohang, 790-784, Republic of Korea

3 Two-Phase Flow Lab, Division of Advanced Nuclear Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), San 31, Hyoja-dong, Pohang, 790-784, Republic of Korea

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Citation and License

Nanoscale Research Letters 2012, 7:242  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-7-242

Published: 6 May 2012

Abstract

A study of nucleate boiling phenomena on nano/microstructures is a very basic and useful study with a view to the potential application of modified surfaces as heating surfaces in a number of fields. We present a detailed study of boiling experiments on fabricated nano/microstructured surfaces used as heating surfaces under atmospheric conditions, employing identical nanostructures with two different wettabilities (silicon-oxidized and Teflon-coated). Consequently, enhancements of both boiling heat transfer (BHT) and critical heat flux (CHF) are demonstrated in the nano/microstructures, independent of their wettability. However, the increment of BHT and CHF on each of the different wetting surfaces depended on the wetting characteristics of heating surfaces. The effect of water penetration in the surface structures by capillary phenomena is suggested as a plausible mechanism for the enhanced CHF on the nano/microstructures regardless of the wettability of the surfaces in atmospheric condition. This is supported by comparing bubble shapes generated in actual boiling experiments and dynamic contact angles under atmospheric conditions on Teflon-coated nano/microstructured surfaces.

Keywords:
nano/microstructure; nucleate boiling heat transfer; critical heat flux; surface wettability; capillary effect