The change rules of photovoltaic parameters of F-DSCs on the function of spraying time. The F-DSCs use SCNT as CEs and the 18 μm TNT as photoanode. The parameters are (a) Jsc (short circuit current density), (b) Voc (open circuit voltage), (c) FF (fill factor) and (d) Eff (conversion efficiency).
Huang et al. Nanoscale Research Letters 2012 7:222 doi:10.1186/1556-276X-7-222