Open Access Nano Express

Graphene-supported SnO2 nanoparticles prepared by a solvothermal approach for an enhanced electrochemical performance in lithium-ion batteries

Bei Wang1, Dawei Su1, Jinsoo Park2, Hyojun Ahn2 and Guoxiu Wang12*

Author Affiliations

1 Centre for Clean Energy Technology, School of Chemistry and Forensic Science, University of Technology, City Campus, Broadway, Sydney, NSW, 2007, Australia

2 School of Materials Science and Engineering, Gyeongsang National University, 900 Gazwa-dong, Jinju, Gyeongnam, 660-701, South Korea

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2012, 7:215  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-7-215

Published: 13 April 2012

Abstract

SnO2 nanoparticles were dispersed on graphene nanosheets through a solvothermal approach using ethylene glycol as the solvent. The uniform distribution of SnO2 nanoparticles on graphene nanosheets has been confirmed by scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The particle size of SnO2 was determined to be around 5 nm. The as-synthesized SnO2/graphene nanocomposite exhibited an enhanced electrochemical performance in lithium-ion batteries, compared with bare graphene nanosheets and bare SnO2 nanoparticles. The SnO2/graphene nanocomposite electrode delivered a reversible lithium storage capacity of 830 mAh g−1 and a stable cyclability up to 100 cycles. The excellent electrochemical properties of this graphene-supported nanocomposite could be attributed to the insertion of nanoparticles between graphene nanolayers and the optimized nanoparticles distribution on graphene nanosheets.

Keywords:
SnO2; Graphene nanosheets; Nanocomposite; Lithium-ion batteries