Gas nitriding and subsequent oxidation of Ti-6Al-4V alloys
1 School of Advanced Materials Science and Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, 440-746, South Korea
2 Physico-Mechanical Institute of National Academy of Sciences, Lviv, 79601, Ukraine
3 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Myongji University, Yongin, 449-728, South Korea
Nanoscale Research Letters 2012, 7:21 doi:10.1186/1556-276X-7-21Published: 5 January 2012
Ti-6Al-4V alloys consisting of α-Ti grains and intergranular β-Ti islands were nitrided at 850°C for 1 to 12 h under a nitrogen pressure of 1 Pa. With increasing nitriding time, the Ti-N compound layer became thicker, and the α-Ti diffusion zone containing dissolved nitrogen became wider. In the Ti-N compound layer, the initially formed Ti2N became TiN as the nitriding progressed. The nitride layers were oxidized to rutile-TiO2 after oxidation at 700°C for 10 h in air.