Open Access Nano Express

Formation polarity dependent improved resistive switching memory characteristics using nanoscale (1.3 nm) core-shell IrOx nano-dots

Writam Banerjee1, Siddheswar Maikap1*, Chao-Sung Lai1, Yi-Yan Chen2, Ta-Chang Tien3, Heng-Yuan Lee4, Wei-Su Chen4, Frederick T Chen4, Ming-Jer Kao4, Ming-Jinn Tsai4 and Jer-Ren Yang2

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Electronic Engineering, Chang Gung University, 259 Wen-Hwa 1st Rd., Kwei-Shan, Tao-Yuan 333, Taiwan

2 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan

3 Material and Chemical Research Laboratories, Industrial Technology Research Institute, Hsinchu, Taiwan 310, Taiwan

4 Electronic and Opto-Electronic Research Laboratories, Industrial Technology Research Institute, Hsinchu 310, Taiwan

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2012, 7:194  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-7-194

Published: 22 March 2012

Abstract

Improved resistive switching memory characteristics by controlling the formation polarity in an IrOx/Al2O3/IrOx-ND/Al2O3/WOx/W structure have been investigated. High density of 1 × 1013/cm2 and small size of 1.3 nm in diameter of the IrOx nano-dots (NDs) have been observed by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. The IrOx-NDs, Al2O3, and WOx layers are confirmed by X-ray photo-electron spectroscopy. Capacitance-voltage hysteresis characteristics show higher charge-trapping density in the IrOx-ND memory as compared to the pure Al2O3 devices. This suggests that the IrOx-ND device has more defect sites than that of the pure Al2O3 devices. Stable resistive switching characteristics under positive formation polarity on the IrOx electrode are observed, and the conducting filament is controlled by oxygen ion migration toward the Al2O3/IrOx top electrode interface. The switching mechanism is explained schematically based on our resistive switching parameters. The resistive switching random access memory (ReRAM) devices under positive formation polarity have an applicable resistance ratio of > 10 after extrapolation of 10 years data retention at 85°C and a long read endurance of 105 cycles. A large memory size of > 60 Tbit/sq in. can be realized in future for ReRAM device application. This study is not only important for improving the resistive switching memory performance but also help design other nanoscale high-density nonvolatile memory in future.

Keywords:
Resistive switching; Nanoscale; Memory; IrOx nano-dot; Formation polarity