Open Access Nano Express

Electrical properties of lead-free 0.98(Na0.5K0.5)NbO3-0.02Ba(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3 piezoelectric ceramics by optimizing sintering temperature

Seung-Hwan Lee2, Sung-Gap Lee1 and Young-Hie Lee2*

Author affiliations

1 Department of Ceramic Engineering, Engineering Research Institute, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju-Si, 660-701, South Korea

2 Department of Electronic Materials Engineering, Kwangwoon University, Seoul, 139-701, South Korea

For all author emails, please log on.

Citation and License

Nanoscale Research Letters 2012, 7:15  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-7-15

Published: 5 January 2012


Lead-free 0.98(Na0.5K0.5)NbO3-0.02Ba(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3 [0.98NKN-0.02BZT] ceramics were fabricated by the conventional mixed oxide method with sintering temperature at 1,080°C to 1,120°C. The results indicate that the sintering temperature obviously influences the structural and electrical properties of the sample. For the 0.98NKN-0.02BZT ceramics sintered at 1,080°C to 1,120°C, the bulk density increased with increasing sintering temperature and showed a maximum value at a sintering temperature of 1,090°C. The dielectric constant, piezoelectric constant [d33], electromechanical coupling coefficient [kp], and remnant polarization [Pr] increased with increasing sintering temperature, which might be related to the increase in the relative density. However, the samples would be deteriorated when they are sintered above the optimum temperature. High piezoelectric properties of d33 = 217 pC/N, kp = 41%, dielectric constant = 1,951, and ferroelectric properties of Pr = 10.3 μC/cm2 were obtained for the 0.98NKN-0.02BZT ceramics sintered at 1,090°C for 4 h.

NKN-BZT; lead-free; sintering temperature; piezoelectric properties