Single-crystalline LiMn2O4 nanorods; porous LiMn2O4 nanorod formation process; MnC2O4, porous Mn2O3; and porous LiMn2O4 nanorods. (a) SEM and (b) TEM images and (c) SAED pattern of single-crystalline LiMn2O4 nanorods fabricated using single-crystalline MnO2 nanorods as precursor. Adapted from  and reproduced with the permission of the American Chemical Society. (d) Illustration of the porous LiMn2O4 nanorod formation process. SEM micrographs of (e) MnC2O4 nanorods, (f) porous Mn2O3 nanorods, and (g) porous LiMn2O4 nanorods. (h, i) TEM images of the porous LiMn2O4 nanorods. (j) High-resolution TEM (HRTEM) image and the corresponding fast Fourier transform diffraction pattern (inset) of a single nanoparticle in the porous nanorods. Adapted from  and reproduced with the permission of the Royal Society of Chemistry.
Liu et al. Nanoscale Research Letters 2012 7:149 doi:10.1186/1556-276X-7-149