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Preparation and characterization of spindle-like Fe3O4 mesoporous nanoparticles

Shaofeng Zhang12, Wei Wu12, Xiangheng Xiao12, Juan Zhou12, Feng Ren12* and Changzhong Jiang12*

Author Affiliations

1 Key Laboratory of Artificial Micro- and Nano-structures of Ministry of Education, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, P. R. China

2 Center for Electron Microscopy and School of Physics and Technology, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, P. R. China

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2011, 6:89  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-6-89

Published: 17 January 2011

Abstract

Magnetic spindle-like Fe3O4 mesoporous nanoparticles with a length of 200 nm and diameter of 60 nm were successfully synthesized by reducing the spindle-like α-Fe2O3 NPs which were prepared by forced hydrolysis method. The obtained samples were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, attenuated total reflection fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, vibrating sample magnetometer, and nitrogen adsorption-desorption analysis techniques. The results show that α-Fe2O3 phase transformed into Fe3O4 phase after annealing in hydrogen atmosphere at 350°C. The as-prepared spindle-like Fe3O4 mesoporous NPs possess high Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area up to ca. 7.9 m2 g-1. In addition, the Fe3O4 NPs present higher saturation magnetization (85.2 emu g-1) and excellent magnetic response behaviors, which have great potential applications in magnetic separation technology.