Large-scale fabrication of ordered arrays of microcontainers and the restraint effect on growth of CuO nanowires
State Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials and Technologies, Guangdong Province Key Laboratory of Display Material and Technology, School of Physics and Engineering, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, People's Republic of China
Nanoscale Research Letters 2011, 6:86 doi:10.1186/1556-276X-6-86Published: 17 January 2011
Technique has been developed to fabricate ordered arrays of microcontainers. We report that ordered microcontainer arrays of Cu can be fabricated on glass substrate by thin film deposition and self-assembly technology. In addition, CuO nanowires are found to grow only in the inner sides of microcontainers, which verifies the stress growth mechanism of CuO nanowires. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy study reveals that CuO nanowires grow along the  direction. Such structure may have potential application in micro-electron sources, which have the self-focused function.