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Silver nanowire-based transparent, flexible, and conductive thin film

Cai-Hong Liu and Xun Yu*

Author Affiliations

Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Minnesota Duluth, Duluth, MN 55812, USA

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2011, 6:75  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-6-75

Published: 12 January 2011


The fabrication of transparent, conductive, and uniform silver nanowire films using the scalable rod-coating technique is described in this study. Properties of the transparent conductive thin films are investigated, as well as the approaches to improve the performance of transparent silver nanowire electrodes. It is found that silver nanowires are oxidized during the coating process. Incubation in hydrogen chloride (HCl) vapor can eliminate oxidized surface, and consequently, reduce largely the resistivity of silver nanowire thin films. After HCl treatment, 175 Ω/sq and approximately 75% transmittance are achieved. The sheet resistivity drops remarkably with the rise of the film thickness or with the decrease of transparency. The thin film electrodes also demonstrated excellent flexible stability, showing < 2% resistance change after over 100 bending cycles.