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Influence of helium-ion bombardment on the optical properties of ZnO nanorods/p-GaN light-emitting diodes

Naveed ul Hassan Alvi1*, Sajjad Hussain1, Jen Jensen2, Omer Nur1 and Magnus Willander1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Science and Technology (ITN), Campus Norrköping, Linköping University, 60174 Norrköping, Sweden

2 Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Linköping University, 58183, Linköping, Sweden

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2011, 6:628  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-6-628

Published: 12 December 2011


Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) based on zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods grown by vapor-liquid-solid catalytic growth method were irradiated with 2-MeV helium (He+) ions. The fabricated LEDs were irradiated with fluencies of approximately 2 × 1013 ions/cm2 and approximately 4 × 1013 ions/cm2. Scanning electron microscopy images showed that the morphology of the irradiated samples is not changed. The as-grown and He+-irradiated LEDs showed rectifying behavior with the same I-V characteristics. Photoluminescence (PL) measurements showed that there is a blue shift of approximately 0.0347 and 0.082 eV in the near-band emission (free exciton) and green emission of the irradiated ZnO nanorods, respectively. It was also observed that the PL intensity of the near-band emission was decreased after irradiation of the samples. The electroluminescence (EL) measurements of the fabricated LEDs showed that there is a blue shift of 0.125 eV in the broad green emission after irradiation and the EL intensity of violet emission approximately centered at 398 nm nearly disappeared after irradiations. The color-rendering properties show a small decrease in the color-rendering indices of 3% after 2 MeV He+ ions irradiation.