Structural and physical properties of antibacterial Ag-doped nano-hydroxyapatite synthesized at 100°C
1 National Institute of Materials Physics, 105 bis Atomistilor, P.O. Box MG 07, 077125, Bucuresti-Magurele, Romania
2 Institut des Matériaux-Jean Rouxel, 02 rue de la Houssinière BP 32 229, 44 322 Nantes, France
3 Faculty of Physics, University of Bucharest, 405 Atomistilor, CP MG - 1, 077125, Bucuresti-Magurele, Romania
Nanoscale Research Letters 2011, 6:613 doi:10.1186/1556-276X-6-613Published: 3 December 2011
Synthesis of nanosized particle of Ag-doped hydroxyapatite with antibacterial properties is in the great interest in the development of new biomedical applications. In this article, we propose a method for synthesized the Ag-doped nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite. A silver-doped nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite was synthesized at 100°C in deionized water. Other phase or impurities were not observed. Silver-doped hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (Ag:HAp) were performed by setting the atomic ratio of Ag/[Ag + Ca] at 20% and [Ca + Ag]/P as 1.67. The X-ray diffraction studies demonstrate that powders made by co-precipitation at 100°C exhibit the apatite characteristics with good crystal structure and no new phase or impurity is found. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observations suggest that these materials present a little different morphology, which reveals a homogeneous aspect of the synthesized particles for all samples. The presence of calcium (Ca), phosphor (P), oxygen (O), and silver (Ag) in the Ag:HAp is confirmed by energy dispersive X-ray (EDAX) analysis. FT-IR and FT-Raman spectroscopies revealed that the presence of the various vibrational modes corresponds to phosphates and hydroxyl groups. The strain of Staphylococcus aureus was used to evaluate the antibacterial activity of the Ca10-xAgx(PO4)6(OH)2 (x = 0 and 0.2). In vitro bacterial adhesion study indicated a significant difference between HAp (x = 0) and Ag:HAp (x = 0.2). The Ag:Hap nanopowder showed higher inhibition.