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In Situ Synthesis of Reduced Graphene Oxide and Gold Nanocomposites for Nanoelectronics and Biosensing

Xiaochen Dong1, Wei Huang1* and Peng Chen2*

Author affiliations

1 Key Laboratory for Organic Electronics and Information Displays (KLOEID) and Institute of Advanced Materials (IAM), Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications (NUPT), 9 Wenyuan Road, 210046, Nanjing, China

2 School of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 637457, Singapore

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Citation and License

Nanoscale Res Lett 2011, 6:60  doi:10.1007/s11671-010-9806-8

Published: 6 October 2010

Abstract

In this study, an in situ chemical synthesis approach has been developed to prepare graphene–Au nanocomposites from chemically reduced graphene oxide (rGO) in aqueous media. UV–Vis absorption, atomic force microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and Raman spectroscopy were used to demonstrate the successful attachment of Au nanoparticles to graphene sheets. Configured as field-effect transistors (FETs), the as-synthesized single-layered rGO-Au nanocomposites exhibit higher hole mobility and conductance when compared to the rGO sheets, promising its applications in nanoelectronics. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the rGO-Au FETs are able to label-freely detect DNA hybridization with high sensitivity, indicating its potentials in nanoelectronic biosensing.

Keywords:
Graphene oxide; Gold nanoparticles; Nanoelectronics; Biosensing