Open Access Highly Accessed Nano Express

Influence of structure of iron nanoparticles in aggregates on their magnetic properties

Dana Rosická* and Jan Šembera

Author Affiliations

Technical University of Liberec, Institute of Novel Technologies and Applied Informatics, Liberec, Czech Republic

For all author emails, please log on.

Nanoscale Research Letters 2011, 6:527  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-6-527

Published: 14 September 2011

Abstract

Zero-valent iron nanoparticles rapidly aggregate. One of the reasons is magnetic forces among the nanoparticles. Magnetic field around particles is caused by composition of the particles. Their core is formed from zero-valent iron, and shell is a layer of magnetite. The magnetic forces contribute to attractive forces among the nanoparticles and that leads to increasing of aggregation of the nanoparticles. This effect is undesirable for decreasing of remediation properties of iron particles and limited transport possibilities. The aggregation of iron nanoparticles was established for consequent processes: Brownian motion, sedimentation, velocity gradient of fluid around particles and electrostatic forces. In our previous work, an introduction of influence of magnetic forces among particles on the aggregation was presented. These forces have significant impact on the rate of aggregation. In this article, a numerical computation of magnetic forces between an aggregate and a nanoparticle and between two aggregates is shown. It is done for random position of nanoparticles in an aggregate and random or arranged directions of magnetic polarizations and for structured aggregates with arranged vectors of polarizations. Statistical computation by Monte Carlo is done, and range of dominant area of magnetic forces around particles is assessed.

Keywords:
structure of aggregates; iron nanoparticles; aggregation; magnetic forces