Giant Persistent Photoconductivity of the WO3 Nanowires in Vacuum Condition
School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Microelectronics Center, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, 639798, Singapore
Nanoscale Res Lett 2011, 6:52 doi:10.1007/s11671-010-9800-1Published: 30 September 2010
A giant persistent photoconductivity (PPC) phenomenon has been observed in vacuum condition based on a single WO3 nanowire and presents some interesting results in the experiments. With the decay time lasting for 1 × 104 s, no obvious current change can be found in vacuum, and a decreasing current can be only observed in air condition. When the WO3 nanowires were coated with 200 nm SiO2 layer, the photoresponse almost disappeared. And the high bias and high electric field effect could not reduce the current in vacuum condition. These results show that the photoconductivity of WO3 nanowires is mainly related to the oxygen adsorption and desorption, and the semiconductor photoconductivity properties are very weak. The giant PPC effect in vacuum condition was caused by the absence of oxygen molecular. And the thermal effect combining with oxygen re-adsorption can reduce the intensity of PPC.