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Application of functionalized nanofluid in thermosyphon

Xue-Fei Yang and Zhen-Hua Liu*

Author Affiliations

School of Mechanical Engineering, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200240, People's Republic of China

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2011, 6:494  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-6-494

Published: 16 August 2011


A water-based functionalized nanofluid was made by surface functionalizing the ordinary silica nanoparticles. The functionalized nanofluid can keep long-term stability. and no sedimentation was observed. The functionalized nanofluid as the working fluid is applied in a thermosyphon to understand the effect of this special nanofluid on the thermal performance of the thermosyphon. The experiment was carried out under steady operating pressures. The same work was also explored for traditional nanofluid (consisting of water and the same silica nanoparticles without functionalization) for comparison. Results indicate that a porous deposition layer exists on the heated surface of the evaporator during the operating process using traditional nanofluid; however, no coating layer exists for functionalized nanofluid. Functionalized nanofluid can enhance the evaporating heat transfer coefficient, while it has generally no effect on the maximum heat flux. Traditional nanofluid deteriorates the evaporating heat transfer coefficient but enhances the maximum heat flux. The existence of the deposition layer affects mainly the thermal performance, and no meaningful nanofluid effect is found in the present study.

nanofluid; surface functionalization; thermosyphon; heat transfer