Figure 7.

Schematic mechanism of spiral formation. a m-Cresol droplets as templates for the nanospiral pattern. b The counterclockwise inward rotating spiral is made of self-assembled carboxylic acid dimers along the evaporating liquid/solid/vapor contact line. c Molecular orientation in the spiral on HOPG as represented by the unit cell structure of the B-form C18A crystal structure (viewed along the a axis). The height of the spiral is close to the unit cell dimension along the b axis.

Wan et al. Nanoscale Res Lett 2011 6:49   doi:10.1007/s11671-010-9793-9