Table 2

Summary of studies on CHF of nanofluids in flow boiling

Reference

Nanofluids

Concentration

Test conditions

CHF enhancement


[38,77,78]

Al2O3 (40-50 nm) in water

10-3-10-1 vol.%

SS316 tube (5.45 and 8.7 mm I.D.)

53%

ZrO2 (50-90 nm)

1,000-2,500 kg/m2s

53%

Diamond (4 nm)

Inlet subcooling: <20 K

38%

[39]

Al2O3 (50 nm) in water

10-3-0.5 vo.l%

SS316 tube (11 mm I.D.)

70%

100-300 kg/m2s

Inlet subcooling: 25 and 50 K

[40,41]

Al2O3 (47 nm) in water

0.01 vol.%

Rectangular channel (10 × 5 mm2)

40%

1-4 m/s

Inlet subcooling: 0 K (saturated)

Single side heating: Cu disk (ϕ = 10 mm)

[42]

Al2O3 (25 nm) in water

10-3-10-1 vol.%

SS tube (ϕ = 510 μm)

50%

600-1,650 kg/m2s

Inlet temperature: 30-404C


Kim Nanoscale Research Letters 2011 6:415   doi:10.1186/1556-276X-6-415

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