Polymer-stabilized palladium nanoparticles for catalytic membranes: ad hoc polymer fabrication
1 Analytical Chemistry Division, Chemical Department, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain
2 Department of Chemical Engineering, UPC, C/Colom, 1, 08222 Terrassa, Barcelona, Spain
Nanoscale Research Letters 2011, 6:406 doi:10.1186/1556-276X-6-406Published: 1 June 2011
Metal nanoparticles are known as highly effective catalysts although their immobilization on solid supports is frequently required to prevent aggregation and to facilitate the catalyst application, recovery, and reuse. This paper reports the intermatrix synthesis of Pd0 nanoparticles in sulfonated polyethersulfone with Cardo group membranes and their use as nanocomposite catalytic membrane reactors. The synthesized polymer and the corresponding nanocomposite were characterized by spectroscopic and microscopic techniques. The catalytic efficiency of catalytic membranes was evaluated by following the reduction of p-nitrophenol in the presence of NaBH4.