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A review of experimental investigations on thermal phenomena in nanofluids

Shijo Thomas and Choondal Balakrishna Panicker Sobhan*

Author affiliations

School of Nano Science and Technology, NIT Calicut, Kerala, India

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Citation and License

Nanoscale Research Letters 2011, 6:377  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-6-377

Published: 9 May 2011

Abstract

Nanoparticle suspensions (nanofluids) have been recommended as a promising option for various engineering applications, due to the observed enhancement of thermophysical properties and improvement in the effectiveness of thermal phenomena. A number of investigations have been reported in the recent past, in order to quantify the thermo-fluidic behavior of nanofluids. This review is focused on examining and comparing the measurements of convective heat transfer and phase change in nanofluids, with an emphasis on the experimental techniques employed to measure the effective thermal conductivity, as well as to characterize the thermal performance of systems involving nanofluids.