Preparation and properties of copper-oil-based nanofluids
1 Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Weifang University, Weifang 261061, China
2 Qianjiang College, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou 310027, China
3 Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
Nanoscale Research Letters 2011, 6:373 doi:10.1186/1556-276X-6-373Published: 5 May 2011
In this study, the lipophilic Cu nanoparticles were synthesized by surface modification method to improve their dispersion stability in hydrophobic organic media. The oil-based nanofluids were prepared with the lipophilic Cu nanoparticles. The transport properties, viscosity, and thermal conductivity of the nanofluids have been measured. The viscosities and thermal conductivities of the nanofluids with the surface-modified nanoparticles have higher values than the base fluids do. The composition has more significant effects on the thermal conductivity than on the viscosity. It is valuable to prepare an appropriate oil-based nanofluid for enhancing the heat-transfer capacity of a hydrophobic system. The effects of adding Cu nanoparticles on the thermal oxidation stability of the fluids were investigated by measuring the hydroperoxide concentration in the Cu/kerosene nanofluids. The hydroperoxide concentrations are observed to be clearly lower in the Cu nanofluids than in their base fluids. Appropriate amounts of metal nanoparticles added in a hydrocarbon fuel can enhance the thermal oxidation stability.