Particle shape effect on heat transfer performance in an oscillating heat pipe
1 Marine Engineering Department, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026, People's Republic of China
2 Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
Nanoscale Research Letters 2011, 6:296 doi:10.1186/1556-276X-6-296Published: 5 April 2011
The effect of alumina nanoparticles on the heat transfer performance of an oscillating heat pipe (OHP) was investigated experimentally. A binary mixture of ethylene glycol (EG) and deionized water (50/50 by volume) was used as the base fluid for the OHP. Four types of nanoparticles with shapes of platelet, blade, cylinder, and brick were studied, respectively. Experimental results show that the alumina nanoparticles added in the OHP significantly affect the heat transfer performance and it depends on the particle shape and volume fraction. When the OHP was charged with EG and cylinder-like alumina nanoparticles, the OHP can achieve the best heat transfer performance among four types of particles investigated herein. In addition, even though previous research found that these alumina nanofluids were not beneficial in laminar or turbulent flow mode, they can enhance the heat transfer performance of an OHP.