Preparation and characterization of carbon nanofluid by a plasma arc nanoparticles synthesis system
1 Department of Industrial Education, National Taiwan Normal University, No. 162, Sec. 1, He-ping E. Rd., Da-an District, Taipei City 10610, Taiwan
2 Department of Mechatronic Technology, National Taiwan Normal University, No. 162, Sec. 1, He-ping E. Rd., Da-an District, Taipei City 10610, Taiwan
Nanoscale Research Letters 2011, 6:293 doi:10.1186/1556-276X-6-293Published: 5 April 2011
Heat dissipation from electrical appliances is a significant issue with contemporary electrical devices. One factor in the improvement of heat dissipation is the heat transfer performance of the working fluid. In this study, we used plasma arc technology to produce a nanofluid of carbon nanoparticles dispersed in distilled water. In a one-step synthesis, carbon was simultaneously heated and vaporized in the chamber, the carbon vapor and particles were then carried to a collector, where cooling furnished the desired carbon/water nanofluid. The particle size and shape were determined using the light-scattering size analyzer, SEM, and TEM. Crystal morphology was examined by XRD. Finally, the characterization include thermal conductivity, viscosity, density and electric conductivity were evaluated by suitable instruments under different temperatures. The thermal conductivity of carbon/water nanofluid increased by about 25% at 50°C compared to distilled water. The experimental results demonstrated excellent thermal conductivity and feasibility for manufacturing of carbon/water nanofluids.