Open Access Nano Express

Copper nanofiber-networked cobalt oxide composites for high performance Li-ion batteries

Sang Hoon Nam1, Yong Seok Kim1, Hee-Sang Shim2, Jong Guk Kim1 and Won Bae Kim12*

Author Affiliations

1 School of Materials Science and Engineering, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), 261 Chemdan-gwagiro, Buk-gu, Gwangju 500-712, South Korea

2 Research Institute for Solar and Sustainable Energies (RISE), Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), 261 Chemdan-gwagiro, Buk-gu, Gwangju 500-712, South Korea

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2011, 6:292  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-6-292

Published: 5 April 2011

Abstract

We prepared a composite electrode structure consisting of copper nanofiber-networked cobalt oxide (CuNFs@CoOx). The copper nanofibers (CuNFs) were fabricated on a substrate with formation of a network structure, which may have potential for improving electron percolation and retarding film deformation during the discharging/charging process over the electroactive cobalt oxide. Compared to bare CoOxthin-film (CoOxTF) electrodes, the CuNFs@CoOxelectrodes exhibited a significant enhancement of rate performance by at least six-fold at an input current density of 3C-rate. Such enhanced Li-ion storage performance may be associated with modified electrode structure at the nanoscale, improved charge transfer, and facile stress relaxation from the embedded CuNF network. Consequently, the CuNFs@CoOxcomposite structure demonstrated here can be used as a promising high-performance electrode for Li-ion batteries.