Scheme of a shear flow with the AWS effect. Dotted line - actual non-linear velocity profile observed at the constant shear stress σ due to the effect of a depletion layer of dispersion at the wall; Broken solid line - approximation of the actual velocity profile, introduced by the concept of AWS . U = γh + 2u - macroscopic sliding velocity, m s-1; h - gap thickness, m; u - AWS velocity, m s-1; γ - bulk shear rate, s-1.
Penkavova et al. Nanoscale Research Letters 2011 6:273 doi:10.1186/1556-276X-6-273