Nanostructured titania films sensitized by quantum dot chalcogenides
1 Institute of Physical Chemistry, NCSR "Demokritos", Aghia Paraskevi Attikis, Athens 15310, Greece
2 Physics Department, School of Applied Mathematical and Physical Sciences, National Technical University of Athens, Zografou, Athens 15780, Greece
Nanoscale Research Letters 2011, 6:266 doi:10.1186/1556-276X-6-266Published: 29 March 2011
The optical and structural properties of cadmium and lead sulfide nanocrystals deposited on mesoporous TiO2 substrates via the successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction method were comparatively investigated by reflectance, transmittance, micro-Raman and photoluminescence measurements. Enhanced interfacial electron transfer is evidenced upon direct growth of both CdS and PbS on TiO2 through the marked quenching of their excitonic emission. The optical absorbance of CdS/TiO2 can be tuned over a narrow spectral range. On the other side PbS/TiO2 exhibits a remarkable band gap tunability extending from the visible to the near infrared range, due to the distinct quantum size effects of PbS quantum dots. However, PbS/TiO2 suffers from severe degradation upon air exposure. Degradation effects are much less pronounced for CdS/TiO2 that is appreciably more stable, though it degrades readily upon visible light illumination.