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Enhancement of heat transfer and entropy generation analysis of nanofluids turbulent convection flow in square section tubes

Vincenzo Bianco, Sergio Nardini and Oronzio Manca*

Author affiliations

Dipartimento di Ingegneria Aerospaziale e Meccanica, Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli, Via Roma 29, Aversa, CE 81031, Italy

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Citation and License

Nanoscale Research Letters 2011, 6:252  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-6-252

Published: 24 March 2011


In this article, developing turbulent forced convection flow of a water-Al2O3 nanofluid in a square tube, subjected to constant and uniform wall heat flux, is numerically investigated. The mixture model is employed to simulate the nanofluid flow and the investigation is accomplished for particles size equal to 38 nm.

An entropy generation analysis is also proposed in order to find the optimal working condition for the given geometry under given boundary conditions. A simple analytical procedure is proposed to evaluate the entropy generation and its results are compared with the numerical calculations, showing a very good agreement.

A comparison of the resulting Nusselt numbers with experimental correlations available in literature is accomplished. To minimize entropy generation, the optimal Reynolds number is determined.