Defect-related hysteresis in nanotube-based nano-electromechanical systems
1 Department of Physics, National Technical University of Athens, GR-15780 Athens, Greece
2 Department of Physics and Astronomy,Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235, USA
3 Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science,Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235, USA
4 Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA
Nanoscale Research Letters 2011, 6:245 doi:10.1186/1556-276X-6-245Published: 22 March 2011
The electronic properties of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) depend on the positions of their walls with respect to neighboring shells. This fact can enable several applications of MWCNTs as nano-electromechanical systems (NEMS). In this article, we report the findings of a first-principles study on the stability and dynamics of point defects in double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWCNTs) and their role in the response of the host systems under inter-tube displacement. Key defect-related effects, namely, sudden energy changes and hysteresis, are identified, and their relevance to a host of MWCNT-based NEMS is highlighted. The results also demonstrate the dependence of these effects on defect clustering and chirality of DWCNT shells.