Figure 9.

SEM images (× 500) of ITO heater surface. After boiling in (a) DI water, (b) 0.01 vol.% diamond nanofluids, and (c) 0.1 vol.% silica nanofluids.

Gerardi et al. Nanoscale Research Letters 2011 6:232   doi:10.1186/1556-276X-6-232
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