Open Access Nano Express

Defect induced changes on the excitation transfer dynamics in ZnS/Mn nanowires

Uwe Kaiser1, Limei Chen1*, Sebastian Geburt2, Carsten Ronning2 and Wolfram Heimbrodt1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Physics and Material Sciences Center, Philipps-University of Marburg, Renthof 5, 35032 Marburg, Germany

2 Institute for Solid State Physics, Friedrich Schiller University of Jena, Max-Wien-Platz 1, 07743 Jena, Germany

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2011, 6:228  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-6-228

Published: 16 March 2011

Abstract

Transients of Mn internal 3d5 luminescence in ZnS/Mn nanowires are strongly non-exponential. This non-exponential decay arises from an excitation transfer from the Mn ions to so-called killer centers, i.e., non-radiative defects in the nanostructures and is strongly related to the interplay of the characteristic length scales of the sample such as the spatial extensions, the distance between killer centers, and the distance between Mn ions. The transients of the Mn-related luminescence can be quantitatively described on the basis of a modified Förster model accounting for reduced dimensionality. Here, we confirm this modified Förster model by varying the number of killer centers systematically. Additional defects were introduced into the ZnS/Mn nanowire samples by irradiation with neon ions and by varying the Mn implantation or the annealing temperature. The temporal behavior of the internal Mn2+ (3d5) luminescence is recorded on a time scale covering almost four orders of magnitude. A correlation between defect concentration and decay behavior of the internal Mn2+ (3d5) luminescence is established and the energy transfer processes in the system of localized Mn ions and the killer centers within ZnS/Mn nanostructures is confirmed. If the excitation transfer between Mn ions and killer centers as well as migration effects between Mn ions are accounted for, and the correct effective dimensionality of the system is used in the model, one is able to describe the decay curves of ZnS/Mn nanostructures in the entire time window.