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Controlling exchange bias in Fe3O4/FeO composite particles prepared by pulsed laser irradiation

Zaneta Swiatkowska-Warkocka*, Kenji Kawaguchi, Hongqiang Wang, Yukiko Katou and Naoto Koshizaki

Author Affiliations

Nanosystem Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba, 305-8565 Ibaraki, Japan

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2011, 6:226  doi:10.1186/1556-276X-6-226

Published: 16 March 2011


Spherical iron oxide nanocomposite particles composed of magnetite and wustite have been successfully synthesized using a novel method of pulsed laser irradiation in ethyl acetate. Both the size and the composition of nanocomposite particles are controlled by laser irradiation condition. Through tuning the laser fluence, the Fe3O4/FeO phase ratio can be precisely controlled, and the magnetic properties of final products can also be regulated. This work presents a successful example of the fabrication of ferro (ferri) (FM)/antiferromagnetic (AFM) systems with high chemical stability. The results show this novel simple method as widely extendable to various FM/AFM nanocomposite systems.