Fabrication and Magnetic Properties of Fe65Co35–ZnO Nano-Granular Films
Key Laboratory for Magnetism and Magnetic Materials of Ministry of Education, Lanzhou University, 730000, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China
Nanoscale Research Letters 2010, 5:1107-1110 doi:10.1007/s11671-010-9609-yPublished: 24 April 2010
A series of nano-granular films composed of magnetic metal (Fe65Co35) granules with a few nanometers in size and semiconductor oxide (ZnO) have been fabricated by a magnetron sputtering method, and excellent soft magnetic properties have been achieved in a wide metal volume fraction (x) range for as-deposited samples due to the exchange coupling between FeCo granules (a ferromagnetic interaction in nano-scale). In a wide range (0.53 <x < 0.71), the films exhibit coercivity HC not exceeding 15 Oe, along with high resistivity. Especially for the sample with x = 0.67, coercivities in hard and easy axes are 1.43 and 7.08 Oe, respectively, 4πMS = 9.85 kg, and ρ reaches 2.06 × 103 μΩ cm. The dependence of complex permeability μ = μ′ − jμ″ on frequency shows that the real part μ′ is more than 100 below 1.83 GHz and that the ferromagnetic resonance frequency reaches 2.31 GHz, implying the promising for high frequency application. The measured negative temperature coefficient of resistivity reveals that may be the weak localized electrons existing in samples mediate the exchange coupling.