Probing Specific Interaction Forces Between Human IgG and Rat Anti-Human IgG by Self-Assembled Monolayer and Atomic Force Microscopy
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Nanoscale Research Letters 2010, 5:1032-1038 doi:10.1007/s11671-010-9598-xPublished: 14 April 2010
Interaction forces between biological molecules such as antigen and antibody play important roles in many biological processes, but probing these forces remains technically challenging. Here, we investigated the specific interaction and unbinding forces between human IgG and rat anti-human IgG using self assembled monolayer (SAM) method for sample preparation and atomic force microscopy (AFM) for interaction force measurement. The specific interaction force between human IgG and rat anti-human IgG was found to be 0.6–1.0 nN, and the force required for unbinding a single pair of human IgG and rat anti-human IgG was calculated to be 144 ± 11 pN. The results are consistent with those reported in the literatures. Therefore, SAM for sample preparation combined with AFM for interaction measurement is a relatively simple, sensitive and reliable technique to probe specific interactions between biological molecules such as antigen and antibody.