Open Access Nano Perspectives

Hematological Parameters and the State of Liver Cells of Rats After Oral Administration of Aflatoxin B1 Alone and Together with Nanodiamonds

OA Mogilnaya1*, AP Puzyr1, AV Baron2 and VS Bondar1

Author Affiliations

1 Institute of Biophysics SB RAS, Akademgorodok, 50, 660036, Krasnoyarsk, Russia

2 Institute of Fundamental Biology and Biotechnology, Siberian Federal University, 79 Svobodny Prospect, 660041, Krasnoyarsk, Russia

For all author emails, please log on.

Nanoscale Research Letters 2010, 5:908-912  doi:10.1007/s11671-010-9571-8

Published: 14 March 2010

Abstract

Hematological parameters and the state of liver cells of rats were examined in vivo after the animals received aflatoxin B1 (AfB1) alone and together with modified nanodiamonds (MND) synthesized by detonation. The rats that had received the MND hydrosol had elevated leukocyte levels, mainly due to higher granulocyte counts and somewhat increased monocyte counts compared to control rats. Hematological parameters of the rats that had received AfB1 alone differed from those of the control rats in another way: total white blood cell counts were significantly lower due to the decreased lymphocyte counts. In rats that had consumed AfB1 with the MND hydrosol, changes in hematological parameters were less pronounced than in rats that had consumed either AfB1 or MND. Electron microscopy showed that hepatocytes of the rats that had received the MND hydrosol or AfB1 with the MND hydrosol contained elevated levels of lipid inclusions and lysosomes. Hyperplasia of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum (EPR) was revealed in liver specimens of the rats that had received AfB1. Results of the study suggest the conclusion about mutual mitigation of the effects of nanoparticles and the mycotoxin on rats blood and liver cells after AfB1 has adsorbed on MND.

Keywords:
Nanodiamonds; Aflatoxin B1; Detoxification; Adsorbent