Open Access Nano Express

Binding Graphene Sheets Together Using Silicon: Graphene/Silicon Superlattice

Yong Zhang* and Raphael Tsu

Author Affiliations

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Center for Optoelectronics, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC, 28223, USA

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2010, 5:805-808  doi:10.1007/s11671-010-9561-x

Published: 13 February 2010

Abstract

We propose a superlattice consisting of graphene and monolayer thick Si sheets and investigate it using a first-principles density functional theory. The Si layer is found to not only strengthen the interlayer binding between the graphene sheets compared to that in graphite, but also inject electrons into graphene, yet without altering the most unique property of graphene: the Dirac fermion-like electronic structure. The superlattice approach represents a new direction for exploring basic science and applications of graphene-based materials.

Keywords:
Graphene; Silicon; Superlattice; Density functional theory; Intercalated graphite; Dirac fermion; MBE; FET