Interaction and Cooperative Nucleation of InAsSbP Quantum Dots and Pits on InAs(100) Substrate
Department of Physics of Semiconductors and Microelectronics, Yerevan State University, 1 A. Manoukian Str., Yerevan, 0025, Armenia
Nanoscale Research Letters 2009, 5:587-591 doi:10.1007/s11671-009-9510-8Published: 24 December 2009
An example of InAsSbP quaternary quantum dots (QDs), pits and dots–pits cooperative structures’ growth on InAs(100) substrates by liquid phase epitaxy (LPE) is reported. The interaction and surface morphology of the dots–pits combinations are investigated by the high-resolution scanning electron microscope. Bimodal growth mechanism for the both QDs and pits nucleation is observed. Cooperative structures consist of the QDs banded by pits, as well as the “large” pits banded by the quantum wires are detected. The composition of the islands and the pits edges is found to be quaternary, enriched by antimony and phosphorus, respectively. This repartition is caused by dissociation of the wetting layer, followed by migration (surface diffusion) of the Sb and P atoms in opposite directions. The “small” QDs average density ranges from 0.8 to 2 × 109 cm−2, with heights and widths dimensions from 2 to 20 nm and 5 to 45 nm, respectively. The average density of the “small” pits is equal to (6–10) × 109 cm−2 with dimensions of 5–40 nm in width and depth. Lifshits–Slezov-like distribution for the amount and surface density of both “small” QDs and pits versus their average diameter is experimentally detected. A displacement of the absorption edge toward the long wavelength region and enlargement toward the short wavelength region is detected by the Fourier transform infrared spectrometry.