Open Access Special Issue Article

The Study of Quantum Interference in Metallic Photonic Crystals Doped with Four-Level Quantum Dots

Ali Hatef* and Mahi Singh

Author Affiliations

University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2010, 5:464-468  doi:10.1007/s11671-009-9517-1

Published: 7 January 2010

Abstract

In this work, the absorption coefficient of a metallic photonic crystal doped with nanoparticles has been obtained using numerical simulation techniques. The effects of quantum interference and the concentration of doped particles on the absorption coefficient of the system have been investigated. The nanoparticles have been considered as semiconductor quantum dots which behave as a four-level quantum system and are driven by a single coherent laser field. The results show that changing the position of the photonic band gap about the resonant energy of the two lower levels directly affects the decay rate, and the system can be switched between transparent and opaque states if the probe laser field is tuned to the resonance frequency. These results provide an application for metallic nanostructures in the fabrication of new optical switches and photonic devices.

Keywords:
Metallic photonic crystal; Quantum dot; Dipole–dipole interaction; Quantum interference; Quantum optics