Open Access Nano Ideas

Influence of Uniaxial Tensile Stress on the Mechanical and Piezoelectric Properties of Short-period Ferroelectric Superlattice

Yifeng Duan1*, Chunmei Wang2, Gang Tang1 and Changqing Chen3

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Physics, China University of Mining and Technology, 221116, Xuzhou, People’s Republic of China

2 School of Aerospace, Xi’an Jiaotong University, 710049, Xi’an, People’s Republic of China

3 Department of Engineering Mechanics, AML, Tsinghua University, 100084, Beijing, People’s Republic of China

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Nanoscale Research Letters 2009, 5:448-452  doi:10.1007/s11671-009-9497-1

Published: 28 November 2009

Abstract

Tetragonal ferroelectric/ferroelectricsuperlattice under uniaxial tensile stress along the c axis is investigated from first principles. We show that the calculated ideal tensile strength is 6.85 GPa and that the superlattice under the loading of uniaxial tensile stress becomes soft along the nonpolar axes. We also find that the appropriately applied uniaxial tensile stress can significantly enhance the piezoelectricity for the superlattice, with piezoelectric coefficient d33 increasing from the ground state value by a factor of about 8, reaching 678.42 pC/N. The underlying mechanism for the enhancement of piezoelectricity is discussed.

Keywords:
Mechanical property; Piezoelectricity; Ferroelectric superlattice