SpringerOpen Newsletter

Receive periodic news and updates relating to SpringerOpen.

Open Access Nano Express

Synthesis of Nanoscale Tips Using Femtosecond Laser Radiation under Ambient Condition

M Sivakumar1, K Venkatakrishnan2* and B Tan1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Aerospace Engineering, Ryerson University, 350 Victoria Street, Toronto, ON, M5B 2K3, Canada

2 Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Ryerson University, 350 Victoria Street, Toronto, ON, M5B 2K3, Canada

For all author emails, please log on.

Nanoscale Research Letters 2009, 5:438-441  doi:10.1007/s11671-009-9502-8

Published: 29 November 2009

Abstract

We report a unique growth of platelet-shaped nanoscale tips of transparent dielectric using femtosecond laser radiation at MHz pulse repetition rate with nitrogen background gas flow under ambient condition. The tips grew with sharp nanoscale apex while their base and lengths are of the order of few hundred nanometers. In the absence of nitrogen, the irradiation leads to nanofibrous structure formation. The collision between the nitrogen gas atoms and the vapor species slows down plume expansion and lead to an increase of nanoparticles size. This prevents the fibrous structure formation and provides appropriate condition for nanoscale tips growth.

Keywords:
Femtosecond laser ablation; Nanoscale tips; Nanostructuring